By Teun Voeten
Through the tip of the millennium, millions of homeless humans roamed the streets of long island. A small workforce of them went underground. Invisible to society, they controlled to begin a brand new lifestyles within the tunnel platforms of the city.
Acclaimed battle photographer and cultural anthropologist Teun Voeten received unheard of entry to this netherworld. for 5 months in 1994 and 1995 he lived, slept and labored within the tunnel. With him, we meet Vietnam veterans, macrobiotic hippies, crack addicts, Cuban refugees, convicted killers, desktop programmers, philosophical recluses and felony runaways. Voeten describes their day-by-day paintings, difficulties and pleasures with humor and compassion. He additionally witnessed the top of tunnel lifestyles. The tunnel humans have been evicted in 1996, yet Amtrak and homeless agencies provided them replacement housing.
Some succeeded in beginning back above floor, whereas others failed. during this up to date model of the booklet, Voeten tracks down the unique tunnel dwellers and describes what has occurred within the 13 years considering that they left the tunnels.
“Tunnel People is a superb instance of participatory commentary. The insider’s standpoint comes the following to complete gentle in a super means. it isn't an goal case-study, yet a subjective, journalistic reportage, correct to the purpose of an immense dynamic, human underworld that's nowhere being sensationalized nor romanticized via Voeten…” —Passage
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Extra info for Tunnel People
Differences in outcomes and impacts for projects with similar resource endowments can often be attributed to differences in how the projects were implemented. Effective participatory approaches, adapted to local conditions, may be used in one project, while another project might use more rigid procedures that are less responsive to local conditions. As Sedlacek and Hunte (chapter 7) show, individual personalities (in this case the characteristics of the head teacher) can also have a major impact on project outcomes.
Wherever possible the research design should include time and resources to permit a return to the field to follow up on these inconsistencies and to provide further insights into unexpected or difficult-to-explain findings. Rapid qualitative studies can make a valuable contribution in this area, because these methodologies are designed to provide greater depth of understanding concerning differences between communities, organizations, or households and to explain subtle differences that were not captured by the survey instruments.
Qualitative research is frequently more interested in eliciting the stories behind particular individuals or groups. In some cases the emphasis will be on statistical outliers or unusual cases that are not behaving as expected, whereas in other cases the purpose is to put ''flesh and bones" on the findings of the statistical analysis. For example, a researcher conducting a nutritional study might notice that in a high-income household, where one would expect the children to be well nourished, they are instead quite thin and stunted.