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Extra resources for Alter Ego + 1 Livre
This pursuit has a "pedagogical intention": the discussion of Hausmann's work and successively of that done by Benson and colleagues will lead us from a more sketchy, coarse-grained classification of collocational relations to a detailed one. 1 7 Since a detailed discussion of how Hausmann's work relates to and how it differs from the idea of LFs can be found in (Heid, 1991), we present here only the basic clues. For Hausmann (1976, 1985) collocational relations are "polar binary relations", in the sense that one argument of the relation dominates the other (note the similarity with the notion of LFs).
Semantic phrasemes are in Mel'cuk's typology fur ther subclassified into full phrasemes (idioms), quasi-phrasemes, and semiphrasemes (or collocations). The difference between these classes is, roughly speaking, the degree of semantic opaqueness. The semantics of an idiom is totally opaque; its meaning cannot be automatically obtained from the meaning of the constituent lexemes. In Mel'cuk's terms: the meaning of an idiom, which consists, let's say of two lexemes A and B, contains neither the meaning of A nor that of B, but rather equals to a different signified C.
Related to the issue of semantic subtypes is the discussion of how LF values differ when the same LF argument denotes actants in varying situations. Prominent place in Mel'cuk's article is given to the discussion of the representation of LFs in the dictionary. Traditionally, LFs that are applica ble to a lexical unit are listed together with their values in this unit's entry. For the sake of efficient representation, however, various techniques for LF value generalization are possible. Mel'cuk mentions: • Cross-referencing, which implies: (i) the specification of an LF value that is shared by several lexical units in the entry of only one of these units, and (ii) the introduction of pointers to this specification for all other units.