The ebook is therefore addressed to readers looking a primary acquaintance with difficulties of this sort, both for a normal view of the methodologies of resolution or for particular details touching on mathematical and computational answer tools. it's also addressed to readers looking to receive a few principles of the various makes use of of pcs in challenge fixing. we think that the majority readers can have a prior or concurrent path within the components of machine programming. in spite of the fact that, many such classes goal at constructing facility with yes particular intricacies of machine programming, instead of an appreciation of the general strength of the pc to assist within the remedy of periods of significant difficulties of technology and society. What we are hoping to enhance quite is ability in challenge research.
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Additional info for Algorithms, graphs, and computers, Volume 62
As chapters 6 and 10 do respectively for our themes of involvement and expression, this chapter summarizes and organizes prior work on the concept of the Internet and access and places our subsequent analyses in context. Thus, the chapter covers considerable material. For those not interested in this prior work, we suggest skimming this chapter and reading the concluding section. We return to the main themes of this material, as well as our own results, in chapter 14. Conceptualization and Consequences of Access The broadest concept of access examines the people who have or do not have access to the Internet, the motivations of those who use the Internet, the barriers to usage, and the people who stop using the Internet (Katz & Aspden, 1997a, 1997b, 1997c).
5), and the concept of public trusteeship gives way to commercialization. Access 25 The individual becomes removed from the collectivity, content becomes simplistic entertainment rather than social debate, text and words are replaced by images and sound, and public becomes private. Also, because of the drive toward satisfying the consumer, toward cross-ownership of the media, and toward the dumbing down of media content to meet the declining expectations of the audience, more media outlets and more forms in no way guarantee increased diversity of content and may allow individuals to retreat even more from society.
2% of those with some college used the Internet. 1%). 4% for males). A study published by the nonproﬁt Consumer Federation of America (Cooper & Shah, 2000) collected responses from a single statistically balanced panel (n ¼ 1,902) measured at two time periods (February 1999 and June 2000) drawn from respondents agreeing to participate in a large-scale lifestyles study. The overall conclusion is that ‘‘the disconnected are, in fact, disadvantaged and disenfranchised’’ (p. 1). In particular, they compare the fully connected (36% of population with Internet service providers or high-speed Internet access at home), the partially connected (17 percent with basic Internet or e-mail service at home), the potentially connected (21% with no home Internet service but with home computer or cell phone), and the disconnected (26% with neither Internet service, computer, nor cell phone).