By Marie-Luise Schubert Kalsi
Elements of Ethics examines Meinong's worth thought from an epistemological viewpoint and offers a serious exposition of Meinong's first makes an attempt at a deontic common sense; detailed attention is given to the legislations of Omission. For that objective his idea of the a priori is tested, that is entwined along with his thought of gadgets. The e-book starts off with an epistemological and ontological attention and simplification of Meinong's universe. consequently of the mathematical improvement of his time, particularly non-Euclidean geometries, Meinong constructed the thought of precision items and precision thoughts. they're mentioned in addition to the so-called `incomplete items' and difficulties linked to them. those discussions are appropriate for realizing numerous technical phrases, quite strategies of values and valuations. those discussions additionally help in assessing the potential for realizing those options a priori, and in realizing the logical relationships among them and genuine valuations. we discover in Meinong's moral writings a mix of experiential and a priori wisdom. A translation is integrated of the fragment Ethische Bausteine (Elements of Ethics), including Meinong's personal notes and people of the editors of the textual content. Vocabulary and Index are attached.
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Extra info for Alexius Meinong’s Elements of Ethics: with Translation of the Fragment Ethische Bausteine
It does not matter whether we are, in fact, able to ascertain whether it has that property or stands in that relation. Verifiability is a problem separate from these questions. We would expect that, for any given object, it can be decided if it is completely determined or not. We will see in the following whether that is really the case, according to Meinong's theory. Meinong believes that any existing and possible ideal object is completely determined. e. individuals, even when they do not exist anymore.
Of course, mathematical concepts arose from our dealings with reality, in this Meinong concurs with Mach, and that is the history of man's intellectual development. But even in the actual measuring of a line with a ruler or tape, which seems to be so very perceptual and experiential, the apriori component, namely that of comparison, is ignored by Mach. Our dealings with reality do not immediately produce mathematics, which treats of objects that do not at all occur in reality: straight lines, constant curves, irrational or imaginary numbers.
Psychological studies, by their nature, are empirical, at least at first before the construction of theories and before theoretical analysis of that which is given in perception. Many psychic events - and the theory of knowledge is interested in presenting psychic events - elude empirical observation, simple instances are ideas considered in isolation from judgments or assumptions in which they occur. Meinong did not state that, but I myself have never been able to present to myself an idea by itself.