Download e-book for iPad: African American Midwifery in the South: Dialogues of Birth, by Gertrude Jacinta Fraser

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By Gertrude Jacinta Fraser

Beginning on the flip of the century, so much African American midwives within the South have been progressively excluded from reproductive well-being care. Gertrude Fraser indicates how physicians, public wellbeing and fitness group of workers, and kingdom legislators fixed a crusade ostensibly to enhance maternal and youngster well-being, specifically in rural parts. They introduced conventional midwives below the keep watch over of a supervisory physique, and at last eradicated them. within the writings and courses produced through those physicians and public future health officers, Fraser reveals a universe of principles approximately race, gender, the connection of drugs to society, and the prestige of the South within the nationwide political and social economies. Fraser additionally reviews this event via dialogues of reminiscence. She interviews individuals of a rural Virginia African American neighborhood that incorporated not only retired midwives and their descendants, yet someone who lived via this modification in scientific care--especially the ladies who gave beginning at domestic attended through a midwife. She compares those narrations to these in modern scientific journals and public wellbeing and fitness fabrics, studying contradictions and ambivalence: used to be the midwife a determine of disgrace or satisfaction? How did one distance oneself from what used to be now thought of "superstitious" or "backward" and while recognize and take pleasure within the former unquestioned authority of those ideals and practices? In a massive contribution to African American stories and anthropology, African American Midwifery within the South brings new voices to the discourse at the hidden global of midwives and birthing.

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Additional resources for African American Midwifery in the South: Dialogues of Birth, Race, and Memory

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Felix Underwood, who brought a system of midwifery education to his state. North Carolina’s Watson Rankin and Charles Laughinghouse directed a state health department that spearheaded the employment and training of African American public health nurses in the first half of the century. “Great men” stories work through the chronicling of the acts and beliefs of individuals who fused the public health mission into a highly personalized one. They took on the midwife, as an ally or enemy, in their battle to subdue the forces of death and disease.

In their complaints, women rarely faulted the measure of technical service, focusing instead on the midwives’ moral shortcomings. The intensity of the conflicts experienced in this setting renders one of the most convincing descriptions of the cognitive dissonance that can occur when overlapping systems come into relation in a context of discrepant power and within settings favorable to the dominant knowledge system. Separated by time, place, and culture, African American midwives in the South, nonetheless, must have experienced a level of conflict similar to that documented for midwives in Niger in the 1990s.

Those midwives who were unable to fill out these forms were usually counted as among the untrainable. Often they were prohibited from practicing or their licenses were revoked (Mongeau 1973). With the birth certificate, the state had the first standardized means of managing and regulating its citizens. The 1948 handbook reminded midwives of the benefits that accrued to a properly registered individual: “When you are too old to work you may need an old-age pension to help you out. To get this pension you will have to prove that you are 65 years old.

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