By Nicholas M. Prescott, Menno Pradhan
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Extra info for A poverty profile of Cambodia, Parts 63-373
Extreme lack of food leads to death, while chronic insufficiency of food leads to physical weakness, greater susceptibility to disease and, among children, impaired cognitive development. This suggests that any method for calculating a poverty line should be closely tied to sufficient food intake. A large biomedical literature exists which attempts to calculate the amounts of food needed for normal daily activities and long-term health. While nutritional needs encompass a large range of requirements (protein, energy, and many micronutrients), for purposes of assessing the extent of poverty it is best to focus on energy intake, which is probably the single most important indicator of adequate food consumption.
Series: World Bank discussion papers; 373. 5'09596-dc21 97-29733 CIP Page iii Contents Page Foreword v Acknowledgments vi Abstract vii Executive Summary viii 1. Introduction 1 2. Socio-Economic Survey of Cambodia, 1993-1994 3 3. Per Capita Consumption, Distribution and Inequality 7 4. Setting a Poverty Line for Cambodia 15 5. Poverty Comparisons for Targeting 21 6. International Poverty Comparisons 33 7. Comparison with Official Poverty Estimates 35 8. Characteristics of the Poor 39 9. Improving Poverty Analysis and Policy 41 References 47 Annexes A.
The richest 10 percent of the population accounts for more than 30 percent of total consumption expenditure in the urban areas, while the poorest 10 percent consume less than 3 percent. 27 in Rural areas (see Table 4). 32 in Indonesia. Given the heavy weight of rural areas in the population, Cambodia appears to exhibit a similarly low degree of overall inequality as some of its neighboring countries. Page 15 4 Setting a Poverty Line for Cambodia The starting point for developing an appropriate poverty line is the basic notion that food is the most fundamental need of human beings.