By Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang
This ebook is an entire reference grammar of Qiang, one of many minority languages of southwest China, spoken via approximately 70,000 Qiang and Tibetan humans in Aba Tibetan and Qiang self reliant Prefecture in northern Sichuan Province. It belongs to the Qiangic department of Tibeto-Burman (one of the 2 significant branches of Sino-Tibetan). The dialect provided within the publication is the Northern Qiang sort spoken in Ronghong Village, Yadu Township, Chibusu District, Mao County. This ebook, the 1st book-length description of the Qiang language in English, is the results of a long time of labor at the language, and is as typologically finished as attainable. It contains not just the reference grammar, but in addition an ethnological evaluation, numerous absolutely analyzed texts (mostly conventional stories), and an annotated thesaurus. The language is verb ultimate, agglutinative (prefixing and suffixing), and has either head-marking and established marking morphology. The phonology of Qiang is sort of complicated, with 39 consonants at seven issues of articulation, plus advanced consonant clusters, either in preliminary and ultimate place, in addition to vowel concord, vowel size differences, and a suite of retroflexed vowels. The grammar additionally
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary (Mouton Grammar Library)
The streams and rivers are too shallow to navigate, and so the Qiang do not make boats. 8. Livelihood In general it was the work of the men to hunt, weave baskets (large back baskets and small baskets), shepherd the cows, gather wild plants, and do some of the harder labor such as plowing the fields, getting wood, and building houses, and it was the work of the women to weave cloth, 16 Introduction embroider, hoe the fields, spread seeds, cook most of the food, and do most of the housework. ). Any trading was also only done by men.
T®hets˙ xs˙ car new Ægood new carﬂ g. xt®epi dÂ˙ nå knife long good Ænice long knifeﬂ h. s˙f po ti-wi tree thick DIR- tall Ætall thick treeﬂ i. stei xs˙ tse axe new sharp Æsharp new axeﬂ j. 1), or by a nominalized adjective in a pre-head relative clause structure. Whether a post-head adjective or a pre-head relative clause structure is used often depends on the complexity of the modifier: a complex modifier will appear in the pre-head relative clause structure, while the simple adjective will generally appear in the post-head position.
Tuen-thå ®˙-thå thåu-thå ≈uå-thå ˚un≤ian-p˙ tetsui-p˙ ph˙iphan-p˙ pethiåu-p˙ Æsquatﬂ Æspend (money)ﬂ Æwash (rice)ﬂ Æpaintﬂ Ætrainﬂ Æoffendﬂ Æcriticizeﬂ Æchatﬂ < < < < < < < < 47 d—un ( ✢ sh«î ( ✢ t|au (✢ h\ua (ȵ✢ x\unli\an (8 ) d|ez\ui (V✢ p—îp\an ( ˮ✢ b«aiti|ao ( ✢ Even if the total phrase borrowed from Chinese involves more than one syllable, if the verbal part of it is monosyllabic, then /-thå/ is added, as in, for example, /phit˚hi få-thå/ Æto lose oneﬂs temperﬂ (< Chinese f—a p|îq\î [emit temper].